Yoon Pyung-joong on President Roh
My friend and old Hanshin University colleague Yoon Pyung-joong, an expert on political philosophy and a former student of Shin Il Chul, has recently published an article that has been translated from Korean for the English edition of the JoongAng Daily (July 11, 2005):
"The dilemmas of democracy"
The central "dilemma" that Yoon points to is a fundamental problem often noted:
"A democracy can blossom and draw strength from the dynamics of public participation, but it can also fall for the same reason."
Technically, this isn't a classic dilemma, for we're not presented with a choice between two, equally bad alternatives. The term "paradox" isn't quite correct either, though it comes to mind and is also used by Yoon:
"The paradox, in other words, is that the collapse of democracy can be hastened by the very public participation that is one of democracy's core ideas."
I think that rather than dilemma or paradox, the expression "inherent irony" might better get at what Yoon is thinking about.
At any rate, the full, practical impact of Yoon's article only becomes clear at the end:
"Though they have inherited the tradition and brilliant achievements of Korean democracy, the incompetent and self-righteous behavior of President Roh Moo-hyun and his 'participatory government' show the dilemma of democracy very clearly."
Yoon isn't suggesting that Koreans overthrow democracy, but he is implying the need for something to be "thrown over" the side of Korea's democratic ship of state.
Yoon's words are significant because they signal deep dissatisfaction with President Roh among some of those who were strong supporters early on. Yoon originally had high hopes for the Roh presidency, but these now appear to have been dashed against the rocks.
I just wish Yoon article had been a bit more specific about the instances of incompetence that he sees in the Roh administration.